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2005, volume XI, number 1
Contributions to Maya Archaeology
Editor: Ivan ©prajc



Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 5-12 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]

Campeche Archaeology at the Turn of the Century
Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 13-30 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]

An Archaeological Study of Settlement Distribution in the Palenque Area, Chiapas, Mexico
Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 31-42 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]

The Dawn and the Dusk: Beginning and Ending a Long-Term Research Program at the Preclassic Maya Site of Cuello, Belize
Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 43-57 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]

Geoffrey E. BRASWELL, Christian M. PRAGER & Cassandra R. BILL
The Kingdom of the Avocado: Recent Investigations at Pusilhá, a Classic Maya City of Southern Belize
Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 59-86 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]

Nikolai GRUBE
Toponyms, Emblem Glyphs, and the Political Geography of Southern Campeche
Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 87-100 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]

Culture of Memory and Maya Architecture: Architectural Documentation and Interpretation of Structure 1 of Chunchimai 3
Anthropological Notebooks 11(1), 101-111 (2005) [abstract ] [full text ]


• Ivan Šprajc: Vernon L. SCARBOROUGH, Fred VALDEZ Jr., and Nicholas DUNNING (eds.), Heterarchy, Political Economy, and the Ancient Maya: The Three Rivers Region of the East-Central Yucatán Peninsula
• F. C. Atasta Flores Esquivel: Arthur DEMAREST. Ancient Maya: The Rise and Fall of a Rainforest Civilization;
E. Wyllys ANDREWS and William L. FASH (eds.). 2005. Copán: The History of an Ancient Maya Kingdom
• Maja Šuštaršič: Thomas HEYD and John CLEGG (eds.). 2005. Aesthetics and Rock Art
• Boris Kavur: Janusz Krzysztof KOZLOWSKI. 2004. Wielka historia swiata. Tom 1: Sviat przed “rewolucja” neoliticzna;
Göran BURENHULT. (ed.). 2004. People of the Past: The Illustrated History of Humankind: The Epic Story of Human Origins and Development;
Chris SCARRE. (ed.). 2005. The Human Past: World Prehistory & the Development of Human Societies


Antonio C. Benavides
Campeche Archaeology at the Turn of the Century
The Mexican federal state of Campeche, located in the western part of the Yucatan peninsula, possesses a rich archaeological heritage, as a testimony of the Maya civilization that flourished in the area for several millennia before the arrival of Spanish conquerors at the beginning of the 16th century, as well as of the early colonial times. The paper summarizes the archaeological research and restoration works carried out in Campeche during the last few decades.
Key words: Maya archaeology, Campeche, research history

Rodrigo Liendo Stuardo
An Archaeological Study of Settlement  Distribution in the Palenque Area, Chiapas, Mexico
Current research in Maya studies shows that the coexistence of a high degree of political and economic stratification, with a marked functional homogeneity, characterizes prehispanic Maya society. According to this evidence, questions regarding both the nature of the different segments that shaped Maya society and its integrative mechanisms are fundamental to arguments that characterize it as either segmentary or unitary. Using data from recent regional settlement pattern studies conducted in the Palenque region, this paper discusses the general settlement distribution in order to infer aspects of structure and development and the mechanisms that might have held together different social units throughout Palenque´s developmental sequence.
Key words: Maya archaeology, settlement pattern, Palenque, social organization

Norman Hammond
The Dawn and the Dusk: Beginning and Ending a Long-term Research Program at the Preclassic Maya Site of Cuello, Belize
The early Maya village site of Cuello, Belize, was investigated between 1975 and 2002. When investigations began, the Maya Preclassic was not well known, was poorly documented by radiocarbon dates, and did not extend back beyond 900 B.C. Initial dates from Cuello suggested a very early occupation, subsequently disproved and revised to begin ca. 1200 B.C. The site remains the oldest known lowland Maya village site, however, and also the most extensively-excavated early Middle Preclassic settlement. Buildings, including numerous houses, emergent public architecture, the earliest known Mesoamerican sweatbath (Maya pib na); almost 200 burials, with evidence of social ranking and long-distance exchange; and evidence of diet and environmental exploitation all help to document the initial phases of a tropical forest farming culture which developed into one of the major Pre-Columbian civilizations.
Key words: Maya archaeology, Preclassic chronology, diet, burial practices, sweatbath

Geoffrey E. Braswell, Christian M. Prager and Cassandra R. Bill
The Kingdom of the Avocado: Recent Investigations at Pusilhá, a Classic Maya City of Southern Belize
Since 2001, the Pusilhá Archaeological Project has examined the ancient settlement patterns, carved monuments, ceramics, and architecture of an important Maya city located in southern Belize, Central America. Our goals have been to test models of secondary state formation and external relations - proposed most often from a perspective based in the central Maya lowlands - from a peripheral area or frontier zone. Investigations have included extensive mapping, test pitting, and both horizontal and vertical excavations. During the 2005 season, the tomb of an important ruler or K'uhul Un Ajaw was discovered and excavated. Results of our epigraphic and archaeological analyses suggest that, contrary to our prior expectations, Pusilhá was never under the political or economic sway of its more powerful neighbors. This suggests that a "third way" to secondary state formation, one that did not depend on the influence of established and authoritative states, may have been important in some regions of the Maya area.
Key words: Ancient Maya, State Formation, hieroglyphic texts, archaeology of Belize

Nikolai Grube
Toponyms, Emblem Glyphs, and the Political Geography of Southern Campeche
This article presents new epigraphic data from southern Campeche, Mexico, at which it focuses on the occurrences of toponyms and emblem glyphs and their meaning for the understanding of the Classic Maya political geography. Observing that several emblem glyphs found in the inscriptions at some recently (re)located archaeological sites are incomplete versions, lacking certain elements characteristic of full emblems, the author labels them 'toponymic titles' and suggests they denote lower positions of the corresponding polities in regional political hierarchy. One of the only two full emblem glyphs known so far in southern Campeche corresponds to the Kaan dynasty, during a certain period associated with Calakmul, while the identity of the other one, representing a bat, is questionable, although in the late period it may have been adopted by Oxpemul, a centre that seems to have benefited from the demise of Calakmul.
Key words: Maya epigraphy, Classic period, political geography, emblem glyph

Hasso Hohmann
Culture of Memory and Maya Architecture: Architectural Documentation and Interpretation of Structure 1 of Chunchimai 3
The building of Chunchimai 3 is a good example of a culture of memory within the Maya culture. It shows building decorations with typical elements of the Classic Maya period in the Puuc region. In addition, there are rectangular scroll elements at the back and the 'sun stone' within the building. The stone carries a relief that consists of two presumably different production phases. Both the sun stone and the scroll elements seem to originate from earlier buildings and apparently served as a reminiscence of them and the people connected to them. In this case, as in other ones, the positioning of decorative architectural elements clearly shows they were reused.
Key words: Maya architecture, Late Classic, Puuc region

© 2005, Slovene Anthropological Society